Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Associations of Sexual Function with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in Men with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

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We examine the cross-sectional associations between baseline characteristics and sexual function and the longitudinal associations between change in lower urinary tract symptoms and change in sexual function among men with benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Materials and Methods:

We studied lower urinary tract symptoms assessed by the AUA-SI and sexual function determined by the BMSFI in men enrolled in the MTOPS study. The cross-sectional cohort included 2,916 men who completed the BMSFI at baseline. The longitudinal cohort included 672 men who were randomized to placebo and had completed the BMSFI at baseline and at least once during a 4-year followup. Multiple adjusted linear modeling for each domain of the BMSFI was performed to assess associations of sexual function with lower urinary tract symptoms.


After adjustment for baseline demographic and clinical characteristics, increased age, less education, obesity and severe lower urinary tract symptoms were each significantly associated with poorer sexual drive, erectile function, ejaculatory function, sexual problem assessment and overall satisfaction in the cross-sectional cohort. However, none of these baseline characteristics predicted change in sexual function in the longitudinal cohort. Decline in sexual function in all sexual function domains associated with worsening of lower urinary tract symptoms in this group was small.


Increased age, less education, obesity and more severe lower urinary tract symptoms were individually associated cross-sectionally, but not longitudinally, with poorer sexual function in men with lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic hyperplasia. The decline in sexual function associated with worsening of lower urinary tract symptoms in men assigned to placebo was small.

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