Donation after Cardiac Death Pediatric En Bloc Renal Transplantation

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Abstract

Purpose:

Use of small pediatric kidneys obtained from extremely young donors after cardiac death has been limited. This potential organ source remains under used by transplant teams.

Materials and Methods:

We reviewed all renal transplants at our institution from 2000 to 2013 to identify recipients of an en bloc pair of kidneys from deceased pediatric donors younger than 4 years. The outcomes of donation after cardiac death en bloc allografts were compared with neurological determination of death en bloc allografts.

Results:

A total of 21 recipients of en bloc renal allografts were identified, of which 4 organ pairs were obtained through donation after cardiac death. Mean ± SD donor age was 20.6 ± 11.6 months and weight was 12.4 ± 3.7 kg. Delayed allograft function occurred in 2 of 4 recipients of allografts obtained from donation after cardiac death en bloc and 3 of 17 recipients of allografts from neurological determination of death en bloc. One year after transplantation mean ± SD glomerular filtration rates were similar, at 80.7 ± 15.3 and 85.7 ± 33.4 ml/minute/1.73 m2 in the cardiac and neurological allograft groups, respectively (difference not significant). Surgical complications occurred in 3 patients, and no allograft was lost to thrombosis.

Conclusions:

We report successful transplantation of a small cohort of pediatric en bloc kidneys obtained through donation after cardiac death from donors younger than 4 years. Outcomes at 1 year are comparable to those in neurological determination of death en bloc allograft recipients.

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