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While lncRNAs (long noncoding RNAs) have been shown to have critical regulatory roles in cancer biology, the biological functions and prognostic values in nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer remain largely unknown. We identified a lncRNA termed lncRNA-UNMIBC (up-regulated in nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer) and evaluated its prognostic value in patients with primary nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer.We analyzed the expression of lncRNA-UNMIBC in the tissues of 75 cases of primary nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer and adjacent normal mucosa by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Data were compared with clinicopathological parameters using the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate Cox regression analysis. The functions of lncRNA-UNMIBC were assessed by silencing the lncRNA in vitro and in vivo. RNA immunoprecipitation was performed to assay whether lncRNA-UNMIBC could be physically associated with EZH2 (enhancer of zeste homolog 2) and SUZ12 (SUZ12 polycomb repressive complex 2 subunit), which are core components of PRC2 (polycomb repressive complex 2). Chromatin immunoprecipitation was done to examine histone modification status.The expression level of lncRNA-UNMIBC was up-regulated in the tissues of 45 cases of primary nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer compared with normal mucosa. Kaplan-Meier estimates showed that lncRNA-UNMIBC expression was significantly associated with recurrence (log rank test p = 0.0151). We also found that lncRNA-UNMIBC had a key role in G0/G1 arrest. Furthermore, RNA and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that lncRNA-UNMIBC was physically associated with EZH2 and SUZ12, leading to an altered histone H3 lysine 27 methylation status of target genes.These findings indicate that lncRNA-UNMIBC can facilitate tumor growth and may act as a negative prognostic factor of recurrence.