SER120 desmopressin intranasal spray is the first U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved pharmacotherapy for nocturia. We evaluated its efficacy and safety in 2 randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled studies, DB3 and DB4.Materials and Methods:
A total of 1,333 intent to treat patients 50 years old or older with 2.16 or more nocturic voids per night during a 2-week screening period were randomized equally to SER120 intranasal spray 1.66 or 0.83 mcg, or placebo for a 12-week treatment. Co-primary end points were the mean change from baseline in nocturic episodes per night and the percent of patients with a 50% or greater reduction in mean nocturic episodes per night. Secondary end points were the validated INTU (Impact of Nighttime Urination) quality of life questionnaire in DB4, time to the first nocturic void and the percent of nights with 1 or fewer nocturic voids.Results:
Each SER120 dose showed statistical significance vs placebo for the 2 co-primary end points, including the mean nocturic episodes per night (−1.4 with 0.83 mcg and −1.5 with 1.66 mcg vs −1.2 with placebo, each p <0.0001), the percent of patients with a 50% or greater reduction in mean nocturic episodes per night (37.9% with 0.83 mcg and 48.7% with 1.66 mcg vs 30.3% with placebo, p = 0.0227 and <0.0001, respectively) as well as for all secondary end points in the pooled analyses. The 1.66 mcg dose demonstrated significant improvements in the INTU score (p = 0.0255). The incidence of hyponatremia, defined as serum sodium 125 mmol/l or less regardless of symptoms or less than 130 mmol/l with symptoms, was 1.1%, 0% and 0.2% in the 1.66 and 0.83 mcg, and placebo groups, respectively. Other adverse events were similar across treatment groups.Conclusions:
SER120 demonstrated significant improvements over placebo for co-primary and secondary efficacy end points that corresponded with quality of life improvements. SER120 at each dose had an acceptable safety profile.