A strong embolic effect of iodized oil/drug mixtures injected in the hepatic artery appeared to be an efficient way of prolonging the contact time between drugs and tumor tissue. Therefore, the authors evaluated arterial and portal embolic effects after hepatic intra-arterial injection of iodized oils and various emulsions of iodized oil.MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Twenty-five pigs were monitored for the Doppler resistance index (DRI) in the hepatic artery and wedge hepatic vein pressure (WHVP) during 1 hour after injection of pure iodized oil, ultra-fluid or fluid, and four different emulsions of iodized oil ultra-fluid, into the hepatic artery.RESULTS:
Mean area under the curve (AUC) values of DRI increases varied from 20.3 to 24.2 after injection of pure iodized oils or water-in-oil emulsions, and were 13.2 for large-droplet oil-in-water emulsion and 8.2 for small-droplet oil-in-water emulsion. Mean AUC values of WHVP increases varied from 151.6 to 195.6 after injection of pure iodized oils or water-in-oil emulsions, and were 105.5 for large-droplet oil-in-water emulsion and 8.5 for small-droplet oil-in-water emulsion. There was a significant difference in DRI and WHVP modifications between small-droplet oil-in-water emulsions and all other products (P = .001), between the two oil-in-water emulsions and the two water-in-oil emulsions (P = .004), and between the two oil-in-water emulsions and pure iodized oils (P = .002).CONCLUSION:
After hepatic intra-arterial injection, water-in-oil emulsions and pure iodized oils provided a stronger embolic effect than oil-in-water emulsion, both in the hepatic artery and in the portal vein.