Drug-eluting Stent Insertion in the Treatment of In-stent Renal Artery Restenosis in Three Renal Transplant Recipients

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Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) with or without stent insertion is the treatment of choice in transplant renal artery stenosis. However, in-stent restenosis occurs in as many as 13% of patients after PTA and stent insertion. This article describes three patients with recurrent transplant renal artery in-stent stenosis who were treated with paclitaxel-eluting stents. In two patients, the transplant renal artery remained patent after insertion of the drug-eluting stent (DES), and one patient required balloon angioplasty 7 months after the DES was inserted.

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