Successful Treatment of Endoscopically Unmanageable Rectal Varices by Balloon-occluded Antegrade Transvenous Sclerotherapy Followed by Microcoil Embolization

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


The present report describes two cases of endoscopically unmanageable rectal varices that were treated by balloon-occluded antegrade transvenous sclerotherapy (BATS) followed by microcoil embolization. Follow-up endoscopy confirmed eradication of the rectal varices. Balloon-occluded rectal venography showed stasis of contrast material and sclerosing agent for 30 minutes in both cases of rectal varices, which indicated that the inflow vessel was a single dilated superior rectal vein without other minor inflow vessels. BATS appears to be a feasible therapeutic option for the treatment of rectal varices of this hemodynamic type.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles