Adverse reactions during endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms may be triggered by interleukin 6 release from the thrombotic content

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Abstract

Purpose:

It has been shown that endovascular aortic aneurysm repair might induce a significant inflammatory response, mainly involving tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) release. This study determined in vitro whether these inflammatory responses could depend on white blood cell (WBC) activation caused by the aneurysmal mural thrombus.

Methods:

Mural thrombus specimens obtained from 10 different aortic aneurysms were weighed, homogenized, and assayed for interleukin 1β (IL-1β), interleukin 6 (IL-6), TNF-α, and soluble TNF receptor (sTNFRI).

Results:

Only high amounts of IL-6 (mean, 2973 pg/mL) were found. In contrast, after the addition of healthy donor WBCs to the thrombus mass supernatants, elevated levels of TNF-α (mean, 523 pg/mL) were seen. Theoretically, WBCs were stimulated by IL-6, resulting in TNF-α release. In additional experiments, it was proven that stimulated WBCs, induced by thrombus mass supernatants, synthesize TNF-α (mean, 796 pg/mL), and monoclonal antibodies against IL-6, prevented such TNF-α production (mean, 62 pg/mL).

Conclusion:

The biologic responses during endovascular repair may be explained by a release of IL-6 from the aneurysmal thrombus, causing WBC stimulation and production of TNF-α. More complex processes cannot be excluded, but the present findings suggest that restrictions of manipulations within the aneurysm may be advisable.

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