Accurate assessment of abdominal aortic aneurysm with intravascular ultrasound scanning: Validation with computed tomographic angiography

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Abstract

Purpose:

The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) parameters of abdominal aortic aneurysm, used for endovascular grafting, in comparison with computed tomographic angiography (CTA).

Methods:

This study was designed as a descriptive study. Between March 1997 and March 1998, 16 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms were studied with angiography, IVUS (12.5 MHz), and CTA. The length of the aneurysm and the length and lumen diameter of the proximal and distal neck obtained with IVUS were compared with the data obtained with CTA. The measurements with IVUS were repeated by a second observer to assess the reproducibility. Tomographic IVUS images were reconstructed into a longitudinal format.

Results:

IVUS results identified 31 of 32 renal arteries and four of five accessory renal arteries. A comparison of the length measurements of the aneurysm and the proximal and distal neck obtained with IVUS and CTA revealed a correlation of 0.99 (P < .001), with a coefficient of variation of 9%. IVUS results tended to underestimate the length as compared with the CTA results (0.48 ± 0.52 cm; P < .001). A comparison of the lumen diameter measurements of the proximal and distal neck derived from IVUS and CTA showed a correlation of 0.93 (P < .001), with a coefficient of variation of 9%. IVUS results tended to underestimate aneurysm neck diameter as compared with CTA results (0.68 ± 1.76 mm; P = .006). Interobserver agreement of IVUS length and diameter measurements showed a good correlation (r = 1.0; P < .001), with coefficients of variation of 3% and 2%, respectively, and no significant differences (0.0 ± 0.16 cm and 0.06 ± 0.36 mm, respectively). The longitudinal IVUS images displayed the important vascular structures and improved the spatial insight in aneurysmal anatomy.

Conclusion:

Intravascular ultrasound scanning results provided accurate and reproducible measurements of abdominal aortic aneurysm. The longitudinal reconstruction of IVUS images provided additional knowledge on the anatomy of the aneurysm and its proximal and distal neck.

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