Combined open and endovascular hybrid procedures can be used to treat complex aortic pathology. This article reports a five-stage hybrid repair for a complex thoracoabdominal aneurysm with dissection in a 57-year-old man. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of replacement and exclusion of the entire native human aorta from the root to the iliac bifurcations using a combined open and endovascular approach without neurologic complication. Bilateral hypogastric and femoral circulation was preserved. Aggressive spinal protective measures, including spinal drainage, motor-evoked potentials, and prevention of intraoperative and perioperative hypotension, were used during this staged approach.