Plasma fibrinogen level as a potential predictor of hemorrhagic complications after catheter-directed thrombolysis for peripheral arterial occlusions

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Abstract

Background:

The benefit of catheter-directed thrombolysis for peripheral arterial occlusions is limited by hemorrhagic complications. Plasma fibrinogen level (PFL) has been suggested as a predictor of these hemorrhagic complications, but the accurateness of prediction is unknown. We summarized the available evidence on the predictive value of PFL for hemorrhagic complications after catheter-directed thrombolysis for acute or subacute peripheral native artery or arterial bypass occlusions.

Methods:

We systematically searched PubMed and Embase until January 2016 for peer-reviewed publications on adults undergoing thrombolysis for acute or subacute peripheral native artery or arterial bypass occlusions, assessing the predictive value of PFL for hemorrhagic complications. Two authors independently performed data extraction. Risk of bias was assessed with the Quality in Prognosis Studies (QUIPS) tool.

Results:

In total, six studies (two randomized clinical trials and four cohort studies) reported on 613 patients undergoing 623 thrombolytic interventions for peripheral native artery or arterial bypass occlusions. No risk estimates for PFL and hemorrhagic complications were reported, two risk estimates were calculated, and nine associations between PFL and hemorrhagic complications were reported. For PFL <100 mg/dL compared with ≥100 mg/dL, the calculated relative risk was 0.33 (95% confidence interval, 0.05-2.25) for major bleeding and 1.39 (95% confidence interval, 1.06-1.81) for any bleeding. There were considerable differences in the time point of PFL measurement, the thrombolytic agents, the doses of the agents, and the definition of outcomes. PFL seems inaccurate in predicting hemorrhagic complications. Overall, the included studies were at high risk of bias.

Conclusions:

Based on the current literature, the predictive value of PFL for predicting hemorrhagic complications after catheter-directed thrombolysis for acute or subacute peripheral native artery and arterial bypass occlusions is unproven.

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