Endovascular aortic sealing with Nellix reduces intraoperative radiation dose when compared to endovascular aortic repair


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Abstract

Objective:To analyze radiation exposure during endovascular aortic sealing (EVAS) in comparison with standard endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) in clinical practice.Methods:From December 2013 to October 2016 (35 months), 60 patients were analyzed for intraoperative radiation exposure during EVAR: 30 consecutive patients (mean age, 73.10 years; 28 male) received EVAS (Nellix Endologix); within the same time frame, 30 patients were treated with standard EVAR (mean age, 71.87 years; 30 male). An indirect dose analysis was performed for both groups of patients, including effective dose and cumulative air kerma. Furthermore, fluoroscopy time (FT), dose area product, and time of procedure were included in the study.Results:The effective dose was significantly reduced in the EVAS group (3.72 mSv) compared with the group treated with standard EVAR (6.8 mSv; P ≤ .001). The cumulative air kerma was also lowered in EVAS (67.65 mGy vs 139 mGy in EVAR; P ≤ .001). FT for the entire group was 13 minutes and was shorter (P < .001) for EVAS (9 minutes) in comparison with EVAR (19 minutes). The dose area product for the entire cohort was 16.95 Gy.cm2 and was lower during EVAS (12.4 Gy.cm2) than during EVAR (22.6 Gy.cm2; P < .001). The median operating time for the entire group was 123.5 minutes and was significantly shorter (P < .01) for EVAS (119 minutes vs EVAR at 132 minutes). The FT shows a significant correlation with the patient's weight (P = .022), body mass index (P = .004), and time of procedure (P = .005).Conclusions:EVAS is associated with a relevant decrease in indirect measured radiation dose and time of procedure compared with standard EVAR. A relevant reduction in dose during EVAS is highly likely to result in lower exposure to radiation for physicians and staff. Such a result would be highly advantageous and calls for further analysis.

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