Prospective cohort 20 years after endovascular treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm

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Abstract

Objective:

To describe the factors associated with survival 20 years after endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in a single center.

Methods:

Prospective cohort of asymptomatic patients with an infrarenal aortic aneurysm treated with a bifurcated endovascular graft (Talent) between June 1997 and August 2008. Cox proportional hazard multivariable regression was used for analysis of independent risk factors for survival. Kaplan-Meier curves were done with the long-rank test. P < .05 was considered significant.

Results:

We followed 229 patients, 184 without an endoleak and 45 with an endoleak. Ages ranged between 52 and 89 years, and the mean diameter of the aneurysm was 59.51 ± 14.6 mm. Implantation of the endovascular graft was possible in 99% of the patients. The 30-day mortality rate was 3.4%. In the Cox regression, age <73 years (hazard ratio [HR], 0.42; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.27–0.64), aneurysm size ≤55 mm (HR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.40–0.95), male sex (HR, 0.17; 95% CI, 0.05–0.52), American Society of Anesthesiologists surgical risk category I and II vs III and IV (HR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.34–0.75), and aneurysm size reduction ≤3 mm after treatment (HR, 2.23; 95% CI, 1.11–4.51) were significantly correlated with the survival of the patients followed in this long-term case series.

Conclusions:

This 20-year prospective cohort included patients with an AAA treated with a bifurcated endovascular graft (Talent) at a university hospital in Brazil. This study supports that sex, age, aneurysm size, aneurysm size reduction, and American Society of Anesthesiologists surgical risk category are significantly correlated with patient survival after endovascular treatment of the AAA.

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