Fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) is an evolving technique to treat juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Catheterization of visceral and renal vessels after the deployment of the fenestrated main body device is often challenging, usually requiring additional fluoroscopy and multiple digital subtraction angiograms. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical utility and accuracy of a computed tomography angiography (CTA)-fluoroscopy image fusion technique in guiding visceral vessel cannulation during FEVAR.Methods:
Between August 2014 and September 2016, all consecutive patients who underwent FEVAR at our institution using image fusion guidance were included. Preoperative CTA images were fused with intraoperative fluoroscopy after coregistering with non-contrast-enhanced cone beam computed tomography (syngo 3D3D image fusion; Siemens Healthcare, Forchheim, Germany). The ostia of the visceral vessels were electronically marked on CTA images (syngo iGuide Toolbox) and overlaid on live fluoroscopy to guide vessel cannulation after fenestrated device deployment. Clinical utility of image fusion was evaluated by assessing the number of dedicated angiograms required for each visceral or renal vessel cannulation and the use of optimized C-arm angulation. Accuracy of image fusion was evaluated from video recordings by three raters using a binary qualitative assessment scale.Results:
A total of 26 patients (17 men; mean age, 73.8 years) underwent FEVAR during the study period for juxtarenal AAA (17), pararenal AAA (6), and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (3). Video recordings of fluoroscopy from 19 cases were available for review and assessment. A total of 46 vessels were cannulated; 38 of 46 (83%) of these vessels were cannulated without angiography but based only on image fusion guidance: 9 of 11 superior mesenteric artery cannulations and 29 of 35 renal artery cannulations. Binary qualitative assessment showed that 90% (36/40) of the virtual ostia overlaid on live fluoroscopy were accurate. Optimized C-arm angulations were achieved in 35% of vessel cannulations (0/9 for superior mesenteric artery cannulation, 12/25 for renal arteries).Conclusions:
Preoperative CTA-fluoroscopy image fusion guidance during FEVAR is a valuable and accurate tool that allows visceral and renal vessel cannulation without the need of dedicated angiograms, thus avoiding additional injection of contrast material and radiation exposure. Further refinements, such as accounting for device-induced aortic deformation and automating the image fusion workflow, will bolster this technology toward optimal routine clinical use.