Institutional experience with the Zenith Fenestrated aortic stent graft

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The Zenith Fenestrated (ZFEN; Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind) aortic stent graft system was approved for commercial use by the Food and Drug Administration in April 2012. We report our single-center experience of 100 consecutive patients treated with the ZFEN platform from October 2012 to March 2017.


A retrospective review of our prospectively maintained fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) database at a tertiary care academic institution located in the Midwest United States was performed for descriptive analysis. All continuous variables are reported as a mean ± standard deviation and compared using two-sided Student t-tests. Categorical variables were compared using two-sided Fisher exact tests.


All but one of the procedures were elective in nature. Overall intraoperative characteristics included a mean blood loss (estimated blood loss) of 388 ± 385 mL, fluoroscopy time of 63 ± 30 minutes, radiation dose of 437 ± 272 rad, contrast material volume of 99 ± 36 mL, and operative time of 236 ± 87 minutes. Average number of visceral arteries stented was 2.1 ± 0.5. Technical success was achieved in 98% of the patients. Statistically significant (P < .05) improvement in estimated blood loss (2.1-fold) was observed in the second half of our series. Interestingly, no improvements were made in terms of fluoroscopy time, radiation exposure, contrast material use, or operative time. However, procedural difficulty increased in the last half by number of visceral arteries stented as a surrogate (1.9 vs 2.2; P < .05). Mean length of stay was 3.6 ± 4.3 days. Perioperative mortality at 30 days was 2%. Perioperative morbidity included a 5% incidence of any bowel ischemia, 1% of spinal cord ischemia, 3% of renal failure requiring hemodialysis, 1% of stroke, and 4% of myocardial infarction. Average follow-up was 1.7 ± 1.4 years. Reintervention during the follow-up phase was 20%. Of the 209 visceral arteries stented, we noted 6 instances of stent thrombosis, 6 of kinking or stenosis, and 1 of stent fracture in follow-up. Endoleak, most commonly type II, was present or could not be excluded in 15% of all FEVARs at last available computed tomography angiography.


In our experience, FEVAR with the ZFEN system continues to be safe and effective. There is a significant rate of reintervention observed, and close monitoring is fundamental to maintaining good clinical results.

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