Anatomic and clinical characterization of the narrow distal aorta and implications after endovascular aneurysm repair

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The purpose of this analysis was to compare 1-year clinical outcomes after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms with the EXCLUDER device in patients with standard and narrow aortic bifurcations (AOBs).


Data were prospectively collected from a 1055-participant subset of the multicenter Global Registry for Endovascular Aortic Treatment (GREAT) treated for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair between August 2010 and September 2015. There were 117 patients with a narrow AOB (NB; defined as <16 mm) and 938 patients with a standard bifurcation (SB). The 30-day and 1-year morbidity, mortality, and reintervention outcomes were analyzed, with Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis conducted on freedom from mortality and freedom from reintervention.


The mean distal aortic neck diameter was 12.4 mm in the NB cohort and 25.3 mm in the SB cohort (P < .001), with NB patients also exhibiting significantly smaller diameter proximal aortic necks (P < .001). Patients in the NB cohort were more often female (25.6% vs 15.1%; P = .004) and with more severe comorbidity burden. There was a significantly higher rate of surgical cutdown access in the NB cohort (P < .001). Procedural survival was 100% in both groups. The 30-day mortality and safety outcomes were similar; however, all-cause mortality was significantly higher in the SB cohort through 1 year (P = .02). The 1-year freedom from mortality was estimated as 92.1% in the SB cohort and 99.1% in the NB cohort. Freedom from reintervention was estimated as 95.1% in the SB cohort and 92.8% in the NB cohort at 1 year. Through 1-year follow-up, 24 SB patients (2.6%) and 4 NB patients (3.4%) exhibited an endoleak requiring reintervention (P > .99). Type II endoleaks represented 72% and 60% of treated endoleaks, respectively. Through 1 year, 10 SB patients (1.0%) and 2 NB patients (1.7%) exhibited occlusive/thrombotic events (P = .54). There were no reported instances of kinking, migration, fracture, compression, or dissection through 1 year in either cohort. One SB patient experienced thoracic aortic aneurysm rupture.


The 1-year outcomes after endovascular aneurysm repair with the EXCLUDER device were comparable in the NB and SB cohorts. A narrow AOB was not found to be associated with a higher incidence of later limb occlusions or endoleaks. Female patients were disproportionately more likely to have a narrow AOB, which correlated with narrowed proximal necks and access vessels, and a more severe comorbidity burden.

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