Angioscopy in variant angina: coronary artery spasm and intimal injury

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Abstract

Summary

Studies in pigs and dogs show that intimal injury is related to coronary artery spasm; it is not known whether intimal injury is related to coronary artery spasm in human beings.

We examined intima at the site of coronary artery spasm by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioscopy in 10 of 13 consecutive patients with variant angina.Coronary artery spasms occurred spontaneously or were induced by intracoronary acetylcholine (10-100 mu g). Angioscopy showed intimal injuries (haemorrhage, flap, thrombus, or ulcer) in 4 of the 10.

We suggest that intimal injury is related to coronary artery spasm in human beings.

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