Renal transplantation in older people

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Abstract

SUMMARY

Renal transplantation in people 60 years old or more is controversial due to the morbidity associated with immunosuppression and the scarcity of renal allografts.

We have reviewed the outcome of 1222 consecutive renal transplants done at a single institution with a uniform immunosuppressive protocol over 10 years.5-year graft survival was the same in the under sixties as in the sixties and over. Patient survival was worse in the older group (p=0.0001), but there were significantly fewer immunological graft losses: 11% vs 31% (p=0.0009; relative risk (RR)=0.36 (95% confidence interval 0.19-0.66)). A majority of the deaths in both groups were secondary to cardiovascular disease, not due to complications of immunosuppression.

We conclude that renal transplantation in people 60 and over has results equivalent to a younger population.Age 60 and over should not be a major factor in considering if a patient is eligible for renal transplantation.

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