ADENYLATE ENERGY CHARGE, ENERGY STATUS, AND PHOSPHORYLATION STATE OF STRIA VASCULARIS UNDER METABOLIC STRESS

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Abstract

The purpose of the reported experiments was to measure the strial concentrations of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), and adenosine monophosphate (AMP) in order to arrive at estimates of three commonly used adenylate ratios. Under normal conditions, the concentrations of ATP, ADP, and AMP were found to be 11.4, 3.7, and 0.6 mmoles/kg dry weight, respectively. Of the three substances, AMP is the most sensitive indicator of metabolic stress, since its concentration doubles within 6 sec. of ischemia and reaches a peak level of about 1500% of the control following 65 sec. of ischemia. Under normal conditions, the “adenylate energy charge,” the “energy status,” and the “phosphorylation state” amount to 0.84, 3.0, and 1.52 gram wet weight/μmole, respectively. In ischemia of 10 min. duration, the adenylate energy charge decreases 3 fold, the energy status 7 fold and the phosphorylation state 14 fold. The size of the adenylate pool shows a slight increase in the earliest stage of ischemia, but declines progressively thereafter. The apparent equilibrium constant of strial adenylate kinase was found to be 0.48. The advantages and limitations of the different adenylate ratios, as indicators of metabolic health and as regulatory parameters, are discussed.

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