Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy with multiplanar flouroscopic control is shown to be effective in the transbronchial drainage of pulmonary abscesses. A new technique which permits the intracavitary placement of brush forceps and fine arterial catheters is described. This has facilitated the rapid defervescence of fever and established immediate endobronchial drainage. Seventy percent of patients had complete radiographic closure of their abscess cavities at three months. Clinical findings are presented and the role of aspiration in pathogenesis of pulmonary abscess is stressed.