Polyhydroxyalkanoates production from carbohydrates by a genetic recombinant Aeromonas sp.

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Abstract

Aims

To develop an Aeromonas strain able to utilize inexpensive carbon sources such as starch for the synthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA).

Methods and Results

A recombinant Aeromonas sp. (strain KC007-1) was constructed by introducing the PHB synthesis genes (phaCAB) into the bacterium. Strain KC001-R1 can not only use carbohydrate (including starch) for growth but also accumulate significant amounts of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) in the cells.

Conclusions

One of the present focuses on PHA production has been on lowering the production costs. Starch is an example of an inexpensive carbohydrate for use in industrial production of PHA. We have demonstrated that by introducing the phaCAB operon into Aeromonas sp. allowed the bacterium able to accumulated PHB using this substrate.

Significance and Impact of the Study

Aeromonas spp. are able to synthesize PHA using fatty acids as carbon source. Although good robust growth results with use of starch as sole carbon source for Aeromonas, PHA synthesis does not occur. Strain KC007-R1 showed the ability to accumulate PHA in relative high amount with both carbohydrates and fatty acids as carbon source, and can be cultivated to a significant amount of cell mass and hence is a potential strain for further development for industrial applications.

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