Production and characterization of a low-molecular-weight bacteriocin from Bacillus licheniformis MKU3

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Aims

Enhancing production and characterization of a low-molecular-weight bacteriocin from Bacillus licheniformis MKU3.

Methods and Results

The culture supernatant of B. licheniformis MKU3 exhibited bacteriocin-like activity against Gram-positive and-negative bacteria and different fungi and yeast. SDS–PAGE analysis of the extracellular proteins of B. licheniformis MKU3 revealed a bacteriocin-like protein with a molecular mass of 1·5 kDa. This bacteriocin activity was found to be stable under a pH range of 3·0–10·0 and at temperatures up to 100°C for 60 min, but inactivated by proteinase K, trypsin or pronase E. An experimental fractional factorial design for optimization of production medium resulted in a maximum activity of bacteriocin (11 000 AU ml−1) by B. licheniformis MKU3.

Conclusions

A low-molecular-weight bacteriocin-like protein from B. licheniformis MKU3 exhibited a wide spectrum of antimicrobial activity against several Gram -positive bacteria, several fungi and yeast. A 3·6-fold increase in the production of bacteriocin was achieved using the culture medium optimized through a fractional factorial design.

Significance and Impact of the Study

A bacteriocin with wide spectrum of activity against Gram-positive bacterial pathogens, filamentous fungi and yeast suggested its potential clinical use. Statistical method facilitated optimization of cultural medium for the improved production of bacteriocin.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles