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A. Suemori, K. Nakajima, R. Kurane and Y. Nakamura. 1996. Rhodococcus erythropolis strain S1 formed enzymes essential to the degradation of phthalate when grown in phthalate-minimal medium. The reaction responsible for the dihydroxylation of the phthalate-benzene ring was concluded to be catalysed by membrane-associated phthalate 3,4-dioxygenase (PO). Of the other enzymes involved, 3,4-dihydro-3,4-dihydroxyphthalate 3,4-dehydrogenase (PH) and 3,4-dihydroxyphthalate 2-decarboxylase (PC) appeared likely to be membrane-bound, while protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase appeared to be present in the cytoplasm. Based on the data, the membrane-bound PO and PH apparently form an enzyme complex, which is associated with the NADH-regenerating system.