Reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 by stimulated Pediococcus acidilactici


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Abstract

This study was conducted to determine if stimulating the growth of meat starter culture (Pediococcus acidilactici) in a laboratory medium (Brain Heart Infusion broth + 2.3% NaCl + 1.5% sucrose; LBHI) and during meat fermentation would control Escherichia coli O157:H7. In LBHI medium without P. acidilactici, the numbers of E. coli O157:H7 increased from 4.00 to 8.34 log10 cfu ml−1, whereas in the presence of P. acidilactici (≈6.0 log10 cfu ml−1) in LBHI, LBHIM (LBHI + 0.005% MnSO4), LBHIO (LBHI + 0.3 unit ml−1 Oxyrase™), and LBHIMO (LBHI + M + O), the numbers of E. coli O157:H7 increased from 4.00 to 8.05, 7.50, 7.99, and 6.50 log10 cfu ml−1, respectively, after incubation at 40 °C for 15 h. During salami fermentation, the numbers of E. coli O157:H7 changed from 7.00 to 6.40 and 5.10 log10 cfu g−1 without and with P. acidilactici (≈7.0 log10 cfu g−1), respectively. Stimulated P. acidilactici by M, O, and MO further reduced the number of E. coli O157:H7 from 7.00 to 4.00, 4.80, and 3.65 log10 cfu g−1, respectively. The combination of MO was a better growth stimulator for P. acidilactici, which controlled E. coli O157:H7 in both systems (P < 0.05).

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