Detection of extracellular bound proteinase in EPS-producing lactic acid bacteria cultures on skim milk agar

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Aims:Skim milk agar was developed to investigate extracellular cell-bound proteinase in yogurt cultures, Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus bulgaricus.Methods and Results:The Lact. bulgaricus cultures produced more extracellular cell-bound proteinase than did Strep. thermophilus cultures. Strong positive correlations between the size of the exopolysaccharide (EPS) layer and extracellular cell-bound proteinase were found for both Streptococcus and Lactobacillus cultures.Conclusions:Strong positive linear relationships existed between the EPS size and colony size and the diameter of clear zone and colony size for Streptococcus cultures, whereas weak positive linear relationships were observed for Lactobacillus cultures.Significance and Impact of the Study:These data are useful to validate the relationship between extracellular proteinase and the EPS size of LAB. Also, a convenient medium to detect the presence of extracelluar cell-bound proteinase of LAB is valuable for dairy industries.

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