Antifungal effect of gaseous nitric oxide on mycelium growth, sporulation and spore germination of the postharvest horticulture pathogens, Aspergillus niger, Monilinia fructicola and Penicillium italicum

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AimTo evaluate the antifungal activity of nitric oxide (NO) against the growth of the postharvest horticulture pathogens Aspergillus niger, Monilinia fructicola and Penicillium italicum under in vitro conditions.Methods and ResultsDifferent volumes of NO gas were injected into the Petri dish headspace to obtain the desired concentrations of 50–500 μl l−1. The growth of the fungi was measured for 8 days of incubation in air at 25°C. All concentrations of NO were found to produce an antifungal effect on spore germination, sporulation and mycelial growth of the three fungi, with the most effective concentration for A. niger and P. italicum being 100 and 500 μl l−1 for M. fructicola.ConclusionsShort-term exposure to a low concentration of NO gas was able to inhibit the subsequent growth of A. niger, M. fructicola and P. italicum.Significance and Impact of the StudyNO gas has potential use as a natural fungicide to inhibit microbial growth on postharvest fruit and vegetables.

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