Probiotic inhibits the cytopathic effect induced byEscherichia coliO157:H7 in Vero cell line model

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Aims:The effectiveness of four strains of Bifidobacteria against enterohemorrhagic Escherichiacoli O157:H7 infection was studied using a Vero cell model.Methods and results:E. coli O157 was inoculated on the Vero cell line before and after treatment with probiotic. The cytopathic effect (CPE) was evaluated during 24 h of incubation. The results indicated that Shiga toxin activity was inhibited by the probiotic. To prevent a Stx2 CPE, the probiotic needs one log more than the Stx1.Conclusion:The Vero cell assay, in particular, is a good model to evaluate the effect of Bifidobacteria inhibiting bacterial attachment because of soluble substances and the competitive aspect and could be used in a variety of foods like milk and yoghurt to protect pathogen bacteria.Significance and Impact of the Study:Probiotics could control pathogenic bacteria and Vero cell introduce as a model for evaluation of probiotics against pathogen bacteria.

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