Loss of heterozygosity on chromosome 6q14-q24 is associated with poor outcome in children and adolescents with T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma

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Abstract

Deletions of chromosome 6q have been reported in several hematological malignancies, but data are not conclusive regarding their biological and prognostic impact. Therefore, we focused on pediatric patients diagnosed with T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) treated uniformly according to the NHL-BFM95 protocol. We used loss-of-heterozygosity (LOH) analysis of 25 microsatellite markers located on chromosome 6q14-q24. Fragment-length analysis was performed on ABI-PRISM3100 Genetic-Analyzer. Eligibility criterion was ≥3 informative markers. Between April 1995 and March 2003, 185 TLBL patients were treated according to the NHL-BFM95 protocol. Five-year event-free (EFS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were 79±3 and 87±3% (median follow-up 4.7 [1.2-10.1] years). Sixty-one patients were evaluable for LOH analysis, including 18 out of 23 patients with relapse. EFS and DFS were 67±6 and 69±6% for these 61 patients. Testing of 853 markers in the 61 patients identified the presence of LOH in 19 patients (31%): 13 of the 18 relapse patients and five of the 41 in complete remission (odds ratio 18.7, 95% confidence interval 4.7-75.3). One LOH-positive patient died from treatment-related toxicity. We conclude that LOH on chromosome 6q14-q24 may have conferred a high risk of relapse on our group of children with T-LBL treated according to the NHL-BFM95 protocol.

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