Protective effect of labedipinedilol-A, a novel dihydropyridine-type calcium channel blocker, on myocardial apoptosis in ischemia–reperfusion injury

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Abstract

The effects of labedipinedilol-A, a novel dihydropyridine-type calcium channel blocker with α-/β-adrenoceptor blocking activities, on myocardial infarct size, apoptosis and necrosis in the rat after myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (45 min/120 min) were investigated. Ten minutes prior to left coronary artery occlusion, rats were treated with vehicle or labedipinedilol-A (0.25 or 0.5 mg/kg, i.v.). In the vehicle group, myocardial ischemia–reperfusion induced creatine kinase (CK) release and caused cardiomyocyte apoptosis, as evidenced by DNA ladder formation and terminal dUTP deoxynucleotidyltransferase nick end-labeling (TUNEL) staining. Treatment with labedipinedilol-A (0.25 or 0.5 mg/kg) reduced infarct size significantly compared to vehicle group (18.75±0.65% and 8.27±0.29% vs. 41.72±0.73%, P<0.01). Labedipinedilol-A also reduced the CK, CK-MB, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and troponin T levels in blood. In addition, labedipinedilol-A (0.5 mg/kg) significantly decreased TUNEL positive cells from 19.21±0.52% to 9.73±0.81% (P<0.01), which is consistent with absence of DNA ladders in the labedipinedilol-A group. Moreover, labedipinedilol-A pretreatment also decreased calcium content in ischemic–reperfused myocardial tissue. In conclusion, these results demonstrate that labedipindielol-A, through reduction of calcium overload and apoptosis, exerts anti-infarct effect during myocardial ischemia–reperfusion and would be useful clinically in the prevention of acute myocardial infarction.

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