Regulation and function of the protein inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (PIN)/dynein light chain 8 (LC8) in a human mast cell line

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Abstract

The protein inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (PIN) was independently identified as an inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) produced by neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), and as a member of the cellular dynein light chain family, dynein light chain 8 (LC8), responsible for intracellular protein trafficking. Mast cells (MC) are involved in several homeostatic and pathological processes and can be regulated by NO. This study describes the expression of PIN/LC8 in the human MC line HMC-1. We also studied if PIN/LC8 binds nNOS, and what role this might have in leukotriene (LT) production. We found that PIN/LC8 mRNA and protein was expressed in HMC-1. Using a GST–PIN construct, we showed PIN binds to nNOS, but not endothelial (e)NOS in HMC-1; in our studies HMC-1 did not express inducible (i)NOS. Intracellular delivery of anti-PIN/LC8 antibody enhanced ionophore (A23187)-induced LT production through an unknown mechanism. Thus we established for the first time expression of PIN/LC8 in human MC, its ability to bind nNOS, and the effect that blocking it has on LT production in a human MC lines.

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