The present study was carried out in order to identify the changes in expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein (Mrp) 2 and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the intestine and remote organs after intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). Mrp2 expression in the jejunum and liver was decreased at 6 h after I/R. This decrease in Mrp2 expression was associated with an increase in the serum level of IL-6. These results suggest that the decreased Mrp2 expression after intestinal I/R was regulated by IL-6. The expression level of mdr1a in the ileum, which encodes P-gp, was decreased at 6 and 24 h after I/R, and the expression level of mdr1b, also encodes P-gp, was not altered at any time. P-gp protein expression in the ileum was decreased at 6 h after I/R. In the liver, mdr1a expression was decreased at 6 h after I/R, but mdr1b expression was increased at 6 h after I/R. P-gp protein was not altered at any time. In the kidney, mdr1a expression was decreased at 24 h after I/R, but mdr1b expression was not altered at any time. P-gp protein expression in the kidney was decreased at 24 h after I/R, as was mdr1a expression. These results suggest that P-gp expression after intestinal I/R differs in each organ. This is the first report to provide evidence that expression levels of transporters in remote organs are altered intestinal after I/R.