Combinational effects of farnesoid X receptor antagonist and statin on plasma lipid levels and low-density lipoprotein clearance in guinea pigs

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Abstract

Aims:

We previously reported anti-dyslipidemic effects of a farnesoid X receptor antagonist in monkeys. In this study, we compared the cholesterol-lowering effects of single and combined administration of a farnesoid X receptor antagonist, compound-T8, and the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor atorvastatin in a guinea pig model.

Main methods:

Plasma levels of 7α-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one, a marker of hepatic cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase activity, were measured after a single administration of compound-T8. The effects of compound-T8 or atorvastatin on plasma cholesterol levels and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) clearance were investigated after 14 or 16 days of repeated dosing, respectively. Fractional catabolic rate of plasma LDL was estimated by intravenous injection of DiI-labeled human LDL. The cholesterol-lowering effects of combination therapy were investigated after 7 days of repeated treatment.

Key findings:

Compound-T8 (10 and 30 mg/kg) increased plasma 7α-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one levels in a dose-dependent manner. Single administration of compound-T8 (30 mg/kg) and atorvastatin (30 mg/kg) reduced plasma non-high-density lipoprotein (non-HDL) cholesterol levels by 48% and 46%, respectively, and increased clearance of plasma DiI-labeled LDL by 29% and 35%, respectively. Compound-T8 (10 mg/kg) or atorvastatin (10 mg/kg) reduced non-HDL cholesterol levels by 19% and 25%, respectively, and combination therapy showed an additive effect and lowered cholesterol levels by 48%.

Significance:

Similar to atorvastatin, compound-T8 reduced plasma non-HDL cholesterol levels accompanied with accelerated LDL clearance in guinea pigs. Combination therapy additively decreased plasma non-HDL cholesterol levels. Therefore, monotherapy with a farnesoid X receptor antagonist and combination therapy of a farnesoid X receptor antagonist with atorvastatin would be attractive dyslipidemia treatment options.

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