Granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), a new neuroprotective agent, binds to its specific receptors in the brain. In this study we hypothesized that at least a part of G-CSF's neuroprotective effect may be mediated through its interaction with other proteins in the brain.Main methods:
Using an immunoprecipitation (IP) kit, at first the antibody of G-CSF was covalently crosslinked to protein A/G agarose. Then the mouse brain or PC12 cell lysate mixed with G-CSF was added to the agarose beads plus antibody. After immunoaffinity isolation of target proteins, gel electrophoresis was performed and protein bands were identified using MALDI-TOF/TOF and MASCOT software.Key findings:
Our data show that G-CSF physically binds to cellular proteins like sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase, beta actin, aldehyde dehydrogenase, regucalcin and glutathione-s-transferase. These proteins are involved in membrane transportation, cell structure, signal transduction, enzymes involve in calcium related cell signaling and redox homeostasis.Significance:
Interaction of G-CSF with these proteins can explain some of its pharmacological effects in the CNS.