IL-17A induces chromatin remodeling promoting IL-8 release in bronchial epithelial cells: Effect of Tiotropium

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Abstract

Aims:

IL-17A plays a key role in the persistence of airway inflammation, oxidative stress, and reduction of steroid-sensitivity in COPD. We studied the effect of IL-17A on chromatin remodeling and IL-8 production.

Main methods:

We measured the levels of IL-8 and IL-17A in induced sputum supernatants (ISS) from healthy controls (HCs), healthy smokers (HSs), and COPD patients by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A human bronchial epithelial cell line (16HBE) was stimulated with ISS from HCs, HSs, or COPD subjects. IL-8 was evaluated in 16HBE by Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2), acetyl histone H3 (Ac-His H3) (k9) and inhibitor kappa kinase alpha (IKKα) levels were evaluated in the nuclear extract by Western blot. Finally, we evaluated the effect of IL-17A depletion in ISS, the silencing of IKKα, and the anti-inflammatory effects of Tiotropium Spiriva® (100 nM) on 16HBE.

Key findings:

IL-8 and IL-17A levels were higher in ISS from COPD patients and HSs than from HCs. IL-8 protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) levels were increased in 16HBE stimulated with ISS from COPD patients compared with untreated cells. Furthermore, ISS from COPD patients reduced the nuclear levels of HDAC2 while increasing the activity of both Ac-His H3 (k9) and IKKα in stimulated 16HBE. IL-17A depletion in ISS and the IKKα silencing in 16HBE significantly increased the nuclear levels of HDAC2, reduced Ac-His H3 (k9), and promoted IL-8 synthesis in stimulated 16HBE. Tiotropium controls the proinflammatory activity generated by ISS from COPD patients in 16HBE.

Significance:

IL-17A present in the airway of COPD patients, which induces chromatin remodeling, promotes the release of IL-8 in the bronchial epithelium. Tiotropium is able to control this proinflammatory activity.

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