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Triptolide, an effective component derived from Tripterygium wilfordii, has been well recognized to process a broad-spectrum antitumor activities in various tumor types. However, the potential role of triptolide in pituitary adenomas remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the precise role of triptolide and underlying mechanism in regulating pituitary adenoma cell viability, migration and invasion.We use mouse pituitary adenoma cells (TtT/GF and AtT20 cells) as the experiment model and treated them with varying concentrations of triptolide. The corresponding inhibitory effects on cell viability, migration, invasion and apoptosis were examined respectively, and the underlying mechanism was determined by investigating ADAM12 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease 12)/EGFR signaling.Triptolide significantly inhibited cell viability, migration and invasion in TtT/GF and AtT20 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Mechanistically, triptolide significantly reduced ADAM12 expression at protein levels and attenuated ADAM12/EGFR signaling. Meanwhile, triptolide treatment combined with ADAM12 silencing enhanced the suppression effects on cell viability, migration and invasion, and those effects were restored following ADAM12-rescued. Moreover, triptolide suppressed the tumorigenesis of TtT/GF and AtT20 cells in vivo.Our research provides evidence that triptolide inhibits pituitary adenoma cell viability, migration and invasion via ADAM12/EGFR signaling pathway. These findings suggest a potential role for triptolide in treating pituitary adenomas.