Therapeutic evaluation of solid lipid nanoparticle of quercetin in pentylenetetrazole induced cognitive impairment of zebrafish

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Abstract

Background:

Quercetin is a major flavonoid in various plants. It possesses the multiple pharmacological actions like vascular integrity and regulatory action of the blood-brain barrier.

Aims:

The present study is focused on evaluating the role of solid lipid nanoparticle of quercetin in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) induced cognitive impairment of Danio rerio species.

Main methods:

The memory impairment of zebrafish was induced by exposing of PTZ in 7.5 mM solution. The pretreatment of solid lipid nanoparticle of quercetin (SLN-Q; 5 and 10 mg/kg) was administered by single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection. The reference control i.e., donepezil (10 mg/kg) was administered by single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection. The learning and memory levels were evaluated with different tests like light and dark chamber test; partition preference test; and three (horizontal) compartment tests. In addition, the PTZ induced biochemical changes such as acetylcholinesterase activity, lipid peroxidation, and reduced glutathione levels were assessed in the brain of zebrafish.

Key findings:

The solid lipid nanoparticle of quercetin found to possess the attenuating effect in PTZ induced neurocognitive impairments along with amelioration of biochemical changes. This effect is similar to that of donepezil pretreated group.

Significance:

Therefore, this solid lipid nanoparticle of quercetin can be used as future nanomedicine for various neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer and Parkinson disorders due to its potential anti-oxidative, anti-lipid peroxidative and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory actions.

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