Evaluation of antioxidant potencial of novel CaAl and NiAl layered double hydroxides loaded with olanzapine

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Abstract

Olanzapine (OLZ), is used in the treatment of bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, diseases that present oxidative stress in their physiopathology. It has low aqueous solubility, which may lead to low oral bioavailability. The search of new drug delivery systems (DDSs) that may increase dissolution rate of OLZ, associated with the investigation of the antioxidant potential of the loaded-systems become of major importance to understand improvement in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia therapy. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the in vitro antioxidant potential of two different Layered Double Hydroxides (LDH) loaded with 5% of OLZ (CaAl and NiAl), by radical scavenging activity (2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and nitric oxid); radical cation scavenging activity (2,2′-azino-bis3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid ABTS) and evaluation of inhibition capacity of lipid peroxidation by thiobarbituric acid (TBARS). The results showed that both obtained LDH systems presented in vitro antioxidant capacity when associated with OLZ in all methods performed, and this activity is more pronounced with the systems containing OLZ compared to pure drug. The systems with CaAl was shown to have increased antioxidant potential, compared to NiAl, increasing the antioxidant activity up to 40,83%, 15,84% and 16,73%, as showed by the DPPH, nitric oxide and TBARS tests, respectively. The results revealed that the use of LDHs as a functional excipient may be promising in the pharmaceutical industry for bipolar disorder and schizophrenia therapy.

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