MG-132 treatment promotes TRAIL-mediated apoptosis in SEB-1 sebocytes

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Abstract

Aims:

This study aimed to identify the mechanism of how MG-132 stimulates cell death in SEB-1 sebocytes.

Materials and methods:

TUNEL staining and annexin-FITC/PI flow cytometry were utilized to examine the apoptotic cell number of SEB-1 sebocytes and HaCaT keratinocytes upon MG-132 and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) treatment. MTT assay and CCK-8 assay monitored the proliferative rate and viability of both cell lines with different treatment. Western blotting (WB) and qPCR were performed to detect the expression of TRAIL and members of Bcl-2 family at protein and gene level. Additionally, RNA interfering was used to knockdown the mRNA transcription of TRAIL and BIK gene.

Key findings:

MG-132 treatment enhanced cell death in SEB-1 sebocytes but not in HaCaT keratinocytes. Meanwhile, TRAIL concentrations in SEB-1 sebocytes treated with MG-132 were markedly elevated. Furthermore, treatment with TRAIL or the TRAIL receptor-specific monoclonal antibody AY4 at various doses stimulated cell death in SEB-1 sebocytes in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Silencing of TRAIL restored the cell viability of SEB-1 cells to a normal level after MG-132 treatment. Combined treatment of SEB-1 sebocytes with TRAIL and MG-132 synergistically triggered cell death, suppressed cell proliferation and survival, and promoted BIK expression. Furthermore, BCL2 Interacting Killer (BIK) knockdown via RNA interference participated in the recovery of cell survival reduced by treatment with TRAIL and MG-132.

Significance:

These findings suggest that treatment with the selective proteasome suppressor MG-132 and TRAIL induces cell death in sebocytes through upregulation of BIK, a member of the Bcl-2 family.

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