Terbinafine-Induced Hepatic Failure Requiring Liver Transplantation

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Drug-induced liver disease accounts for about 50% of acute or subacute liver failure in the United States. United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS) data suggest 8%-20% of liver transplantation in this country per year is for fulminant liver failure due to drugs. Even though the most common medication implicated in acute liver injury is acetaminophen (75%), there are numerous other drugs that are responsible for acute and chronic liver injury. A variety of antifungal medications are known to cause a wide range of liver injury from a mild hepatocellular-cholestatic injury pattern to acute/subacute liver failure. Terbinafine is one of the antifungals that have been associated with such liver injuries. We report a case of terbinafine-induced severe liver failure requiring liver transplantation. Liver Transpl 13:162–164, 2007. © 2006 AASLD.

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