Selection of Living Donor Liver Grafts for Patients Weighing 6kg or Less

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In the field of pediatric living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), physicians sometimes must reduce the volume of left lateral segment (LLS) grafts to prevent large-for-size syndrome. There are 2 established methods for decreasing the size of an LLS graft: the use of a segment 2 (S2) monosegment graft and the use of a reduced LLS graft. However, no procedure for selecting the proper graft type has been established. In this study, we conducted a retrospective investigation of LDLT and examined the strategy of graft selection for patients weighing ≤6 kg. LDLT was conducted 225 times between May 2001 and December 2012, and 15 of the procedures were performed in patients weighing ≤6 kg. We selected S2 monosegment grafts and reduced LLS grafts if the preoperative computed tomography (CT)–volumetry value of the LLS graft was >5% and 4% to 5% of the graft/recipient weight ratio, respectively. We used LLS grafts in 7 recipients, S2 monosegment grafts in 4 recipients, reduced S2 monosegment grafts in 3 recipients, and a reduced LLS graft in 1 recipient. The reduction rate of S2 monosegment grafts for use as LLS grafts was 48.3%. The overall recipient and graft survival rates were both 93.3%, and 1 patient died of a brain hemorrhage. Major surgical complications included hepatic artery thrombosis in 2 recipients, bilioenteric anastomotic strictures in 2 recipients, and portal vein thrombosis in 1 recipient. In conclusion, our graft selection strategy based on preoperative CT-volumetry is highly useful in patients weighing ≤6 kg. S2 monosegment grafts are effective and safe in very small infants particularly neonates. Liver Transpl, 2014. © 2014 AASLD.

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