Long-term outcome after liver transplantation for hepatic schistosomiasis: A single-center experience over 15 years

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Our objective was to study the long-term outcomes of patients who had undergone liver transplantation because of schistosomiasis at our institute over the last 15 years. Four hundred forty-one patients underwent liver transplantation at our institute, and 14 did so for schistosomiasis. The survival of patients who underwent transplantation for schistosomiasis was compared with that of patients who underwent transplantation for other liver diseases. Survival curves were drawn via the Kaplan-Meier method and were compared with the log-rank test. P < 0.05 was considered significant. All 14 patients were male, and the average age was 56.8 ± 8.4 years. The average Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score was 18.2 ± 5.6, and the average Child-Pugh score was 10.6 ± 1.2. All patients had splenomegaly; pretransplant variceal bleeding occurred in 7 patients (50%), and portal vein thrombosis was diagnosed in 5 patients (36%). Patient survival was 75% 1 year after transplantation and 75% at the end of follow-up because no patients were lost after the first year. Patients who underwent transplantation for other causes achieved survival rates of 86% and 76% 1 and 10 years after transplantation, respectively. There was no significant survival difference between the 2 groups (P = 0.66). All patients who survived the early posttransplant period had functioning liver grafts with no reported diagnoses of schistosomiasis in the new grafts. In conclusion, liver transplantation for patients with schistosomiasis has a favorable outcome with no risk of reactivation. Liver Transpl 21:96-100, 2015. © 2014 AASLD.

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