Osmotic and ionic concentration of the egg capsule fluid ofCrepidula fornicatain relation to embryonic development

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Osmotic pressure and major ions (Cl-, Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+) of the egg capsule fluid in the slipper limpet Crepidula fornicata were investigated in relation to embryonic development. Calcium permeability of the capsule wall was studied at oviposition, by dipping freshly laid egg capsules in 45Ca as a tracer. This study also determined total calcium content of the embryos at different developmental stages. Osmolarity and major ion concentrations in egg capsule fluid were higher than seawater at uncleaved and trochophore stages, and then dropped to the same level as sea water at veliger stage. Concentrations of Cl- and Na+ were relatively high at oviposition, peaked at trochophore stage, and finally dropped close to concentrations of seawater at hatching. In contrast, concentrations of Mg2+ and Ca2+ decreased steadily during capsular development. Radiotracer permeability experiments in freshly laid egg capsules confirmed that the capsule wall is impermeable to this ion at that stage. However, because of the dissolution of the inner layer of the wall during the final part of capsular development, the wall becomes permeable to calcium and probably to the rest of the major ions studied.

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