Suppression of innate and adaptive B cell activation pathways by antibody coengagement of FcγRIIb and CD19

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The Fc receptor (FcγRIIb) inhibits B cell responses when coengaged with B cell receptor (BCR), and has become a target for new autoimmune disease therapeutics. For example, BCR and FcγRIIb coengagement via the Fc-engineered anti-CD19 XmAb5871 suppresses humoral immune responses. We now assess effects of XmAb5871 on other activation pathways, including the pathogen-associated molecular pattern receptor, TLR9. Since TLR9 signaling is implicated in autoimmune diseases, we asked if XmAb5871 could inhibit TLR9 costimulation. We show that XmAb5871 decreases ERK and AKT activation, cell proliferation, cytokine, and IgG production induced by BCR and/or TLR9 signals. XmAb5871 also inhibited differentiation of citrullinated peptide-specific plasma cells from rheumatoid arthritis patients. XmAb5871 may therefore have potential to suppress pathogenic B cells in autoimmune diseases.

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