We have generated a detailed physical map of the 6p21.3/p22.1 boundary, using a combination of yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) fragmentation and high-resolution sequence tagged site (STS) content mapping. YACs from the CEPH, St. Louis, and ICRF libraries have been used to construct a 4.5-Mb contig spanning the markers D6S306 to D6S1571. YAC insert sizes were determined by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Chimerism of YACs was determined by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), and their integrity was determined by fingerprinting with Alu-PCR. We have identified 10 new CA repeat loci in this region as well as over 50 novel STSs, several tRNA genes, a new histone H2B gene and the phospholipase D gene. Using these new markers, we have rapidly generated a bacterial clone contig of over 250 kb, spanning the markers D6S1260 to D6S1918 (WI-3111) with STSs spaced on average every 6 kb.