Phyllops falcatus (Gray, 1839), a medium-sized short-faced bat, is a phyllostomid commonly called the Cuban white-shouldered bat or the Cuban fig-eating bat. This single extant species of Phyllops is characterized by distinct patches of white hair on each shoulder and just behind the posterior insertion of the ears, and a transparent dactylopatagium minus. P. falcatus is a foliage-roosting bat distributed across the Cuban Archipelago, Cayman Islands, and the Island of Hispaniola where it prefers forested habitats at low elevations (below 680 m). This species is rare in zoological collections and has previously been listed in the lower risk-near threatened category. DOI: 10.1644/811.1.