Muscle strength and power changes during maximal isokinetic training

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LESMES, GEORGE R., DAVID L. COSTILL, EDWARD F. COYLE, and WILLIAM J. FINK. Muscle strength and power changes during maximal isokinetic training. Med. Sci. Sports. Vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 266-269, 1978. This study investigated the effects of short duration, high intensity training on skeletal muscle. The extensors and flexors of the knee were tested and exercised by means of an isokinetic dynamometer. Measurements of peak torque were obtained at velocities ranging from 0°/sec (isometric) to 300° /sec through a distance of 90°. Total work output was measured during repeated knee extensions and flexions for work tasks of 6 sec and 30 sec duration. A 1-min test of repeated maximal contractions was administered to examine muscular fatiguability before and after training. The subjects trained one leg with repeated 6 sec exercise bouts, while the other leg was trained using repeated 30 sec bouts. All training and testing was executed at near maximal force and at a constant velocity (180°/sec). The subjects trained four times per week for a period of seven weeks. The daily work output was equal for the 6 and 30 sec training legs. Results indicate that: (1) isokinetic training programs of 6 and 30 seconds duration can significantly (P < .05) increase peak muscular torque; (2) training velocity may be an important consideration in improving peak torque; (3) total work output was increased an average of 30% with either training at relatively slow (60°/sec) or fast (180°/sec) velocities; (4) both training programs significantly reduced the fatiguability of the knee extensor muscles.

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