Intrinsic motivation in a competitive setting

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Abstract

WEINBERG, ROBERT S. Intrinsic motivation in a competitive setting. Med. Sci. Sports. Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 146-149, 1979. The purpose of the present investigation was to determine the effects of success-failure and monetary reward on intrinsic motivation of males and females competing on a motor task. Results indicated a significant main effect for feedback with subjects exhibiting more intrinsic motivation after success than after failure. The Sex x Feedback interaction showed that males displayed more intrinsic motivation than females after success whereas females exhibited more intrinsic motivation than males after failure. Results are discussed in terms of Deci's cognitive evaluation theory and sex-role appropriate behaviors for males and females. Implications for competitive physical activity are drawn.

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