Electrode characteristics of Li2Ti3O7-ramsdellite processed by mechanical grinding

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The effect of mechanical grinding on the electrochemical properties of Li2Ti3O7 regarding lithium insertion is studied. X-ray diffraction experiments of milling compounds showed a progressively amorphization of the crystalline material due to both crystalline size decreasing and internal strain increasing. These structural modifications are reflected in the electrochemical behavior of Li2Ti3O7, when it is used as the positive electrode in lithium cells. As a function of milling time a higher specific capacity is obtained during the first discharge of the cell, but when charging an increasing in the irreversible capacity is observed. The most promising Li2Ti3O7 based electrode has been achieved, under our experimental conditions, for 13 hours milling that produces a compound with crystallite size of approximately 20 nm.

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