Dynamic surface tension measurements on a molten metal-oxygen system: The behaviour of the temperature coefficient of the surface tension of molten tin

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In order to point out the interactions of oxygen with a liquid metal and to study the influence of the actual operating conditions, dynamic surface tension measurements of a liquid test metal (tin), were performed under vacuum conditions by using the large drop method. This classical method has been improved by applying a new experimental procedure which allowed to obtain reliable surface tension measurements at high temperature as a function of time and varying the oxygen content. Further, complementary information on molten metal-oxygen interactions can be obtained. In particular, in this work, the trend of the surface tension temperature coefficient has been analysed as a function of different operative parameters, highlighting some crucial points such as the dependence of the temperature coefficient on the accuracy of the surface tension experimental data and the influence of the dissolved oxygen. It was demonstrated that the surface tension and its temperature coefficient do not depend on the quantity of dissolved oxygen when this is inside a certain range of values.

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