AN EFFECTIVE MODEL OF A FRACTURED MEDIUM


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Abstract

A homogeneous isotropic elastic medium intersected by three systems of fractures on which the jumps of stresses are proportional to displacements is considered. An effective model of this medium is described by equations differing from the respective equations of the elastic medium by additional terms. On the basis of the equations of the effective model, the wave field excited by a point source is established. An investigation of the integral representation of the wave field shows that the velocities of the longitudinal and transversal waves and of the Rayleigh wave are functions of the frequency and the wave numbers. Formulas for the phase and group velocities of these waves are derived. Bibliography: 3 titles.

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